The first inhabitants of what is now the town of Lebanon were mobile bands of Paleo-Indians who used the area as a stopover on hunting or trading trips as long ago as 10,000 years before the present time. An archaeological dig in the bed of Williams Pond in 1994 provided evidence that Paleo-Indians used the area as a small, seasonal encampment.
The Liebman Site on Williams Pond is one of only three Paleo-lndian sites in Connecticut that have been excavated by scientific investigation. Archaeologist John Pfeiffer conducted the excavation at Williams Pond. The site is named for the owner of the area, Harold Liebman. The Liebman family has donated the artifacts to the Lebanon Historical Society.
Among the artifacts recovered are projectile points, scrapers, and knives. These tools were made on site but the flakes from the manufacturing process are chert and jasper, types of stone not found anywhere in Connecticut. This discovery makes the site particularly important since it may indicate ancient migration and trading routes with connections to eastern Pennsylvania and New York where these rocks are indigenous.
Click here for May 1994 newspaper articles about the dig: 1994 archaeological dig